When you need to print photos in a hurry, having the option to use a portable printer can be a life-saving tool. It’s true that any printer can be used for this task, but some are more practical than others. We’ve compiled a list of the best 4X6 photo printers available so you never run out of ink again.
Having a portable photo printer of 4X6 size can help you in many ways, both at work and at home. One of the biggest benefits is that you won’t need to go through the hassle of carrying around a bulky, heavy photo printer with you.
A 4/6 photo printer is a choice that many professional and amateur photographers make again and again. These portable printers can be used for business, school projects, photography in the great outdoors, or even photography sessions on the go.
For printing photos from digital devices or memory cards, any one of these Canon 4X6 Photo Printers would be enough for any professional photographer.
Photos have a tangible connection with our memories. When we catch hold of and look at a photo that is linked to our past, we get to think of many tiny details pertaining to it. It is more like the thumbnail of a video trying to explain what the video is all about.
Best 4X6 Photo Printer in 2023 – Compact Photo Printers
Photos are the only time-travel machines that humankind has ever seen, as they take us to the instance of the memory they are linked with. If you care about retaining your memories forever, photos are the best way to go. This brings us to the point of choosing the best photo printer for your printing needs. The right choice would be the best photo printer 4X6, as it can be the most portable and compact printing solution on the market and is an ideal choice if you are someone who travels a lot and wishes to print your photos on the go.
In 2023, what will be the best Portable 4X6 photo printer?
1. Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Best Portable 4X6 Photo Printer [Editor Choice]
2. HP Tango X Smart Home Printer – Best Premium 4/6 Photo Printer [Editor Recommended]
3. Canon Selphy CP1300 – A Valued Portable 4X6 Photo Printer
4. Canon Pixma iP110 – Great Wireless Portable 4X6 Photo Printer
5. Primera Impressa IP60 – Best 4×6 Photos Printer for Photo Booths
However, as there are plenty of options available from different manufacturers on the market, choosing the best 4X6 photo printer in 2023 can be tough. To make things easier for you, we researched and tested a few of the top 4- and 6-inch photo printers with portable wireless features available on the market. At the end of the post, I attempted to explain a few considerations for creating the best portable photo printer that can print in 4/6 size.
#1. Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Best Portable 4X6 Photo Printer
The Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi 4X6 Photo Printer is one of the best wireless instant 4X6 Portable photo printers with Wi-Fi that works with both Android and iOS devices.
|Model||Dock PD – 450|
|Dimensions||14 x 19 x 22 inches|
|Max Media Size||4 X 6|
|Printing technology||Dye sublimation|
|Media Type||Photo Paper|
|Compatibility||Android/iOS/3 USB/Pict Bridge|
Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Review
Kodak needs no introduction in the printing industry. Having been in the industry for quite some time, it better understood the needs of an average user. It always shaped itself to fit right into the user’s space by making the best printing equipment in the business. One such innovation from Kodak is the Dock 4X6 portable photo printer. The Kodak Dock is a very handy, easy-to-use instant portable printer that can print in sizes up to 4×6 inches.
Unboxing and Package Contents
The printer feels very compact, measuring 6.5 inches from side to side, 2.7 inches in height, and 3.9 inches from front to back, and it weighs about 1.7 pounds. One can comfortably tuck their smartphone into the recess provided at the top of the printer with a micro-USB port. Kodak has been thoughtful in providing a micro-USB-to-lightning adapter that can be used to connect an Apple iPhone.
Build Quality and Design
Speaking of aesthetics, the Kodak Dock PD-450 is very well engineered and has premium looks. The entire body is made up of hard plastic, and the Ki kind feels extremely sturdy. It comes with an internal rechargeable battery that should last you a while before you need to charge your device.
As far as print quality goes, the Kodak Dock portable 4X6 photo printer performed surprisingly well in our testing. Do not let its size fool you when it comes to print quality. The device uses dye-sublimation technology to produce prints. The colors on the printed photos feel fairly good and are sharp enough.
It isn’t definitely the fastest printer on the market, but considering its size and printing technology, it does fairly well when it comes to printing speeds. In our testing, it took over a minute to print a high-quality test photo. However, this is again dependent on various other factors, like the type of paper used and the quality of the image that is supplied to the printer.
When it comes to connectivity, the Kodak Dock PD-450 has wireless printing capability with the built-in Wi-Fi Direct, besides the USB connectivity via the dock on the top of the printer.
Ease of use
This compact photo printer (4X6 with Wi-Fi offers one-key operation. All you have to do is dock your phone and click on the print key on the device. The printer can be controlled using the connected smartphone. It is fairly easy to do this directly from the phone with the touch controls. Even if Kodak had incorporated on-board control, it wouldn’t have been as intuitive as it is with the connected smartphone.
Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Verdict
The Kodak Dock PD-450 isn’t the best photo printer out there, but it is one of the decent options that you can consider if printing on the go is your primary goal. If you wish for a decent travel companion, the Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi 4X6 photo printer can be your ideal take-away, as carrying this printer is fairly easy thanks to its size and design. This is not for those who wish to print a lot, as the printing costs can be very high. Setting up the device and getting the first print is fairly simple. It is picture perfect. 4X6 picture printer
#2. HP Tango X Smart Home Printer: The Best Affordable 4/6 Photo Printer in 2023
The HP Tango Smart Home photo printer is one of the best 4X6 photo printers available on the market with an affordable price tag.
|Printing Technology||Insta ink|
|Media Type||Photo Paper|
|Features||Works with Google voice assistant|
|Dimensions||15 x 9.7 x 3.5|
|Max Media Size||5×7|
|Media Type||Photo paper|
|Connectivity||Dual-band Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Voice-activated|
|Compatibility||Android, iOS, Alexa, Google voice assistant|
HP Tango X Printer – Review
Of all the top 4X6 portable photo printers that we have tested, the HP Tango Smart Home photo printer is our personal favorite for everything it has to offer for the price it is offered at. It is perhaps the best 4×6 printer on the market that your money can afford in 2023. It is one of the best-engineered products that we have seen in black and gray. With the wrapper around the printer, the printer felt like a fat book with a hardcover.
Unboxing and Package Contents
The device is quite compact for a portable photo printer 4×6 that roughly measures 15 inches wide, 9.7 inches deep, and is only 3.5 inches tall. It weighs just 7.5 pounds, making it convenient for carrying along. Because the device lacks a screen, it must rely on an external computer or a smartphone to function. However, it is totally wireless, which means you will not find any USB ports or Ethernet ports on it. The device works fine with HP’s proprietary HP Smart App, which is available for both Android and iOS.
Build Quality and Design
HP Tango X has excellent aesthetics. It comes with a linen cover that folds over the printer to make it look like a fat book with a hardcover. When the cover is closed, the printer roughly measures 15 inches wide, 9.7 inches deep, and only 3.5 inches tall. As far as weight is concerned, the Tango X weighs around 7.5 pounds.
The device doesn’t come with a built-in display. Hence, you’ve got to pair it with a computer, tablet, or smartphone to control it remotely. However, the device has no physical ports except for a provision for plugging in the power.
When it comes to the quality of the print, this 4X6 photo printer from HP performed surprisingly well, with the text documents being sharp and the graphics being attractive. The output has fine details, natural-looking colors, and is well saturated. However, the scan quality from the HP Smart App is terrible.
Speaking of its speeds, the HP Tango X is blazing fast for a compact 4×6 photo printer. In our testing, the speeds were impressive, with the printer handling a 5-page text document in around 30 seconds.
Though the device lacks physical ports, it still has solid wireless connectivity options. It boasts a dual-channel Wi-Fi with support for Wi-Fi direct for a router-less connection to devices directly. has Bluetooth and can be controlled using Alexa or Google Assistant using voice commands.
HP Tango X Smart Home Printer – Verdict
If you are wishing for a good 4/6 photo printer with solid build quality and a pretty decent design that also performs well, go for the HP Tango X without a second thought. It isn’t the best on the market as it is also flawed in certain areas, but considering what you are paying for, it is still a pretty good choice. In spite of making this device compact and portable, HP hasn’t cut back on the features section.
HP Sprocket Studio Photo Printer – Cheap Alternative
The HP Sprocket Studio is a 4X6 photo printer that allows you to print directly from your smartphone or tablet. The printer is small and portable, making it easy to take with you on the go. The Sprocket Studio also has a built-in battery, so you can print photos even when you don’t have access to an outlet.
I tested the printer by printing some photos from my phone. The process was quick and easy, and the photos came out looking great. The Sprocket Studio is a great option for anyone who wants an easy way to print high-quality photos from their mobile device.
#3. Canon Selphy CP1300: A Valued Portable 4×6 Photo Printer with Wi-Fi
The Canon Selphy CP1300 is yet another excellent 4X6 photo printer option that your money can afford in 2023.
|Printer Technology||Dye sublimation|
|Media Type||Photo Paper|
|Dimensions||5.4 x 7.2 x 2.5 inches|
|Max Media Size||4 x 6|
|Printing technology||Dye sublimation|
|Media Type||Photo Paper|
|Connectivity||Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, SD Card, USB Flash Drive|
Canon Selphy CP1300 – Review
4X6 printing got simplified with the Canon Selphy CP1300. This isn’t the smallest to fit in your pockets, but it is definitely the compact option that makes the carrying job easy. It measures 5.4 x 7.2 x 2.5 inches and should blend in perfectly with your desk or a small table. The device needs to be plugged in to get it working. But if you want it to be truly portable, you should buy a separate battery, which is available as an option.
Unlike the above two printers, this one comes equipped with a 3.2-inch LCD screen that lets you navigate through its menu comfortably. Besides this, you can also preview photos that are being printed. However, the LCD screen is not a touchscreen. To move through the menu items, you will have to use the hardware keys on the control panel. Setting the printer up and running is no hassle. The display present on the device helps you through the setup process.
Design and build quality
The Canon Selphy CP1300 boasts a simple, rectangular design with a 3.2-inch LCD screen to help you navigate through the printer’s menu options. However, the LCD screen isn’t a touchscreen, but that shouldn’t be a problem as it has plenty of physical buttons present on the device.
Setting up and ease of use
Setting up the device is fairly simple, thanks to the onscreen setup instructions. The LCD display present on this device simplifies everything with onboard control that means you no more have to rely on an external computer or a smartphone to get your work done.
As this portable 4/6 photography printer uses dye sublimation technique to print, the printing speeds are not that great. However, you cannot complain as the dye sublimation technique requires you to pass your paper four times (yellow, magenta, cyan, and finishing coat) to get the colors right. In our testing, a single print is taking less than a minute. This is usually considered a decent speed in dye sublimation.
As this portable 4X6 photography printer uses the dye sublimation technique to print, the printing speeds are not that great. However, you cannot complain as the dye sublimation technique requires you to pass your paper four times (yellow, magenta, cyan, and the finishing coat) to get the colors right. In our testing, a single print takes less than a minute. This is usually considered a decent speed for dye sublimation.
The device has ample connectivity options, from Wi-Fi to Bluetooth to USB flash drive to SD card support; the Canon Selphy CP1300 has everything in its bag to choose from. Besides this, it also supports cloud services like Canon Print, Morphia Print Services, etcetera.
Canon SELPHY CP1300 – Verdict
If you are in the market for a stand-alone 4X6 photo printer, the Canon Selphy CP1300 is the right choice you can make. It has plenty of connectivity options to choose from and is a good value for your money. The ability to print from an SD card or a USB storage drive is what makes it the best, even directly from a camera. The on-board screen is very helpful for navigating through the menu and previewing photos before printing. its small (compact) 4 x 6 photography printer
#4. Canon Pixma iP110: Great for Portable 4X6 Photo Printing
The Canon Pixma iP110 isn’t the smallest of the 4×6 photo printers that we have seen, but it is definitely superior to most compact photo printers in terms of performance.
|Dimensions||1322mm wide, 185mm deep, and 62mm high|
|Max Media Size||8.5 x 14 inch|
|Maximum Printing Resolution||9600 x 2400 dpi|
|Media Type||Photo Paper|
|Connectivity||USB, Wi-Fi (with Access Point mode)|
Canon Pixma iP110 – Review
We all have to agree on the point that Canon is a master in the printing industry, with a number of widely sold printers on the market. The Canon Pixma iP110 is one such masterpiece from Canon that should surely get your attention, especially if you are in the market for a good 4×6 photo printer to meet your on-the-go printing demands.
However, the printer isn’t small enough to fit in your pockets or be carried easily in bare hands. But it is small enough to easily tuck inside a backpack or carry case to carry around.
Canon Pixma iP110 is an ideal choice for business users who have to print a lot while on the go. This can comfortably sit inside your car’s dashboard or on any desk at home or work. The printer can support a maximum printing size of up to 8.5 x 14 inches.
When it comes to printing quality, most mobile phone printers on the market cannot do justice considering the limitations in size and technology. The Canon Pixma iP110 has an exception here. Even though it is small, this little beast does a great job when it comes to printing photos.
Build Quality and design
Though the entire body is made up of plastic, the build quality still feels pretty good. Canon kept the design as sleek as possible for an inkjet printer that can print documents up to 8.5 x 14 inches. This device is truly portable, meaning it can be used on the go. However, you would still have a need for a tablet or a smartphone to feed the input and control its functions.
Ease of use
Setting up and getting the device running is fairly simple, and with support for a laptop, phone, or tablet, it can connect instantly with whatever you throw at it.
Unlike most portable photo printers on the market, the Canon Pixma iP110 has excellent printing quality, especially when printing photos. However, it is not recommended for printing on a large scale. For minimal or occasional use, dealing with a few prints each day, you can’t go with a better 4×6 photo printer than this. Also, text quality is decent on this printer.
This isn’t the fastest printer that your money can afford, but it is faster than most other portable printers on the market. It has good printing speeds, with 20 monochrome pages per minute (ppm) or 14 color print pages per minute.
With the device’s various connectivity options, connecting to it is fairly simple. If you wish to stay wired, the Canon Pixma iP110 Wireless Mobile Printer has a 2.0 USB port in its bag. And if you prefer going wireless, the device has Wi-Fi connectivity with support for Wi-Fi direct. With the aid of Wi-Fi Direct, you won’t need a separate wireless router to stay on the same network. The device can create its own wireless access point for your smartphone or tablet to connect and print.
Canon Pixma iP110 4/6 Printer – Verdict
One of the portable 4/6 photo printers on the market is the Canon Pixma iP110 Wireless Mobile Printer. It is offered at a pretty decent price for what it has to offer. The device has a solid build with great connectivity options and versatility. Besides printing 4×6 photocopies, the printer is capable of printing up to 8.5 x 14 inches. However, this is not recommended if you usually print in larger volumes.
If printing a few copies on-the-go every day is your cup of tea, the Canon Pixma iP110 Wireless mobile printer can be the best deal for your money. It is a professional 4×6 image printer. This Canon 4X6 image printer offers unmatched resolution.
#5. Primera Impressa IP60: The Best 4×6 Photos Printer for Photo Booths
The Primera Impressa IP60 photo printer is one of the best 4×6 photo printers that you can get if you are in the market for a decent printer for photo booths.
|Dimensions||15 x 12.7 x 8.3 inches|
|Max Media Size||6 x 24 inch|
|Maximum Printing Resolution||1200 x 4800 dpi|
|Media Type||Gloss, Matte, Luster, Woven, Repositionable adhesive and more|
|Compatibility||Android/iOS/Windows/Mac, compatible with most photo booth softwares|
Primera Impressa IP60 – Review
Everyone is already dressed up, looks great, and wants a fantastic picture to hand up; a photo booth is all you need. Photo booths are in style lately. They are fun, especially during family gatherings and events. In order to set one up, you will have to invest in a decent photo printer for your booth. There are a number of options available on the market, with most of them being expensive, while some are just crap and aren’t worth the price you pay for them. This is where the Primera Impressa IP60 comes to your rescue.
The Primera Impressa IP60 is one of the top 4×6 photo printers available for your photo booth choice. It is one of the fastest photo printers, with the 4×6 print taking just 7 seconds. For a photo booth printer, the device’s print resolution of 1200 x 4800 dpi is pretty good. It not only prints in 4×6, but it can also print up to 6×24. The giant print length makes it an ideal choice for printing panoramas.
Build Quality and design of Primera Impressa IP60
The Primera Impressa IP60 has a fairly simple design that kind of looks like a box and has an opening towards the front. Opening the top, you will have a compartment to place the paper roll. In the front is the cartridge compartment. Though the entire body is made of plastic, it still feels sturdy.
It is one of the most versatile 4×6 photo printers that we have tested, with support for sizes ranging from 2×6, 4×6, 6×6, 6×8, 6×12, and 6×24 without changing the supplies. It also has support for different substrates, including gloss, luster, repositionable sticker adhesive, magnetic material, metallic, etc.
Ease of use
Though the device doesn’t come with a built-in display, it is still fairly easy to set the device up and run it from a connected computer. It shares support for most photo booth software available on the market.
The Primera Impress IP60 is designed for professionals, as it offers excellent printing quality for a printer of that size. As it uses highly advanced inkjet technology, the Impressa IP60 has many advantages over traditional dye-sublimation photo printers.
This nifty device not only has decent print quality but also exhibits excellent printing speeds. In our testing, it printed a 2×6 photo strip in 3.5 to 4 seconds, 4×6 photos in 7 to 8 seconds, and 6×8 photos in 14 to 16 seconds.
Portable image printer Primera Impressa IP60 – Verdict
If you are in the market for a good 4×6 photo printer for Photo Booth, look no further than the Primera Impressa IP60 photo printer. It has everything that you would look for in a typical photo booth printer, with support for most photo booth software available on the market. This cool printer has a resolution of 1200 x 4800 dpi, which means the quality of the prints is good. has support for different print sizes and paper types.
are portable photo printers worth it
Portable photo printers offer convenience and portability so that photos can be printed on the go. They are ideal for busy photographers who don’t have time to wait for prints to be shipped.
These printers come with features like Bluetooth connectivity and Wi-Fi capabilities, adding even more convenience to photo-editing and printing.
If you are looking for an easy way to print photos, now is the time to invest in a best portable printer 4×6
best portable printer for iphone 4×6 photo
Canon Selphy CP1300 Wireless Compact Photo Printer is the best portable printer for iPhone 4×6 photos. The printer is both compact and lightweight, making it perfect for on-the-go printing. It connects to your iPhone via Wi-Fi or USB, allowing you to print out high-quality prints.
Best No Ink Mini Pocket Photo Printer
Canon IVY Mini Photo Printer for Smartphones small and lightweight printer is ideal for travel and on-the-go printing. It produces high quality prints that are smudge-proof, waterproof and fade-resistant. With its Bluetooth connectivity, you can easily connect your device to the printer so you can start printing within seconds.
Instead of using traditional ink cartridges, it uses special paper with embedded color crystals that heat up to create beautiful prints. It comes with an app that allows you to customize your photos with frames and filters before printing them out instantly.
list of best 4X6 instant photo printers
The Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi Instant Photo Printer and the HP Tango X are both great options for producing quality prints instantly and easily. Whether you’re a professional photographer or simply want to print photos at home, these printers are sure to meet your needs.
The Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi Instant Photo Printer allows users to print from any device with just a few taps. It also supports Bluetooth printing from compatible smartphones and tablets. Its advanced integrated dye sublimation technology ensures bright and vivid colors in all your prints.
4X6 photo printers – Buying Guide
Our “4×6” Photo Printer Guide tells you what you should consider before you buy a 4 x 6 photography printer. Before you make your decision on which product to go with, we recommend that you go through our intensive guide on the considerations that we have gone through while picking these products.
Portability is the most important factor when it comes to printing on-the-go. A portable photo printer doesn’t need to be plugged in to get the printing job done. It comes with a battery pack on and can be operated from anywhere. If printing on-the-go is your interest, we would suggest you go with a portable option.
Speed does matter especially if you have a lot to print. However, most portable 4×6 photo printers are not meant for heavy workloads. If you only print a few photos, a photo printer with moderate printing speeds is acceptable. However, if you are a heavy user, it is advised to go with a printer with good printing speeds.
Most portable printers come with smaller footprints while some are extremely compact in size. If you plan to carry your printer along, it is advised that you check on the printer with smaller physical dimensions and that can fit inside your backpack easily.
Print Quality –
It is important to understand your use case. If you are a professional and are wishing to get professional quality prints from your printer, you will have to invest in a decent Color photo printer to meet your needs. However, if you are only looking for casual printing, you can find a good photo printer for a lot lesser.
How a user wants to connect to their printer depends only on how they want to connect. Most portable printers offer Wi-Fi functionality with support for Wi-Fi Direct. The other connectivity options are Bluetooth, NFC, USB, a USB host to accept removable media, and an SD card slot. Choose your photo printer based on your needs. Know how you intend to print your 4 x 6 photo, whether on a computer, smartphone, or otherwise. directly from your camera
Read on if you’re looking for other types of printer recommendations.
- Best All-In-One Printer
- Best Color Laser Printer
- Best Cheap Ink Printers for home use
- Best 11X17 Color Laser Printer
- Best Longest-Lasting Ink Cartridge Printers
FAQs About best photo printer 4×6 in 2023
These are a few questions that we keep getting often from our readers about the best 4×6 photography printers.
The Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi is the best cheap 4X6 photo printer available on the market that your money can afford in 2023.
The Primera Impressa IP60 is the best 4/6 photo booth printer available on the market, with support for a number of photo booth software packages.
There are a number of affordable options when it comes to 4×6 photo printers. However, in our personal experience of testing a few affordable options, we liked the Canon Selphy CP1300 a tad bit more.
The HP Tango X Smart Home Printer is one of the most reliable options on the market, combining affordability and performance in the right ratio.
Table Of Contents
- 1 Best 4X6 Photo Printer in 2023 – Compact Photo Printers
- 2 In 2023, what will be the best Portable 4X6 photo printer?
- 3 1. Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Best Portable 4X6 Photo Printer [Editor Choice]
- 4 2. HP Tango X Smart Home Printer – Best Premium 4/6 Photo Printer [Editor Recommended]
- 5 3. Canon Selphy CP1300 – A Valued Portable 4X6 Photo Printer
- 6 4. Canon Pixma iP110 – Great Wireless Portable 4X6 Photo Printer
- 7 5. Primera Impressa IP60 – Best 4×6 Photos Printer for Photo Booths
- 8 #1. Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Best Portable 4X6 Photo Printer
- 9 Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Review
- 10 Unboxing and Package Contents
- 11 Build Quality and Design
- 12 Printer Performance
- 13 Printing Quality
- 14 Connectivity
- 15 Ease of use
- 16 Kodak Dock & Wi-Fi – Verdict
- 17 #2. HP Tango X Smart Home Printer: The Best Affordable 4/6 Photo Printer in 2023
- 18 HP Tango X Printer – Review
- 19 Unboxing and Package Contents
- 20 Build Quality and Design
- 21 Printer Operation
- 22 Print Quality
- 23 Printing Speeds
- 24 Connectivity
- 25 HP Tango X Smart Home Printer – Verdict
- 26 #3. Canon Selphy CP1300: A Valued Portable 4×6 Photo Printer with Wi-Fi
- 27 Canon Selphy CP1300 – Review
- 28 Design and build quality
- 29 Setting up and ease of use
- 30 Printing Speeds
- 31 Print Quality
- 32 Connectivity
- 33 Canon SELPHY CP1300 – Verdict
- 34 #4. Canon Pixma iP110: Great for Portable 4X6 Photo Printing
- 35 Canon Pixma iP110 – Review
- 36 Build Quality and design
- 37 Ease of use
- 38 Printing Quality
- 39 Printing Speeds
- 40 Connectivity
- 41 Canon Pixma iP110 4/6 Printer – Verdict
- 42 #5. Primera Impressa IP60: The Best 4×6 Photos Printer for Photo Booths
- 43 Primera Impressa IP60 – Review
- 44 Build Quality and design of Primera Impressa IP60
- 45 Versatility
- 46 Ease of use
- 47 Print Quality
- 48 Printing speeds
- 49 Portable image printer Primera Impressa IP60 – Verdict
- 50 are portable photo printers worth it
- 51 best portable printer for iphone 4×6 photo
- 52 Best No Ink Mini Pocket Photo Printer
- 53 list of best 4X6 instant photo printers
- 54 4X6 photo printers – Buying Guide
- 55 Portability –
- 56 Speeds –
- 57 Size –
- 58 Print Quality –
- 59 Connections –
- 60 Read on if you’re looking for other types of printer recommendations.
- 61 FAQs About best photo printer 4×6 in 2023